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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Tsuga caroliniana

Carolina Hemlock

Scientific Name:

Tsuga caroliniana

Genus:

Tsuga

Species Epithet:

caroliniana

Common Name:

Carolina Hemlock

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft.

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Primarily in open forests on ridge tops, rocky bluffs, or gorge walls, generally in drier and rockier sites than T. canadensis, but the two sometimes growing in close proximity or even intermixed in humid gorges; Uncommon, and somewhat local, seldom common in any mountain county. Rare to very local in the western Piedmont., apparently reaching its eastern limit in NC at Hanging Rock State Park, Stokes County.

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled (*Key)

Global Rank:

G3 - Vulnerable (*Key)

State Status:

W5: Watch List: Rare because of Severe Decline to Population or Habitat (*Key)

Notes:

Seems to be less affected by the adelgid insect than T. canadensis.

Immature female cone. Notice the needles are arranged somewhat randomly along a stem and are not distichous (leaves on a stem arranged in two vertical columns on opposite sides of the stem in a single plane) as in T. canadensis.

NC mountains

The Scientific Name is Tsuga caroliniana. You will likely hear them called Carolina Hemlock. This picture shows the Immature female cone. Notice the needles are arranged somewhat randomly along a stem and are not distichous (leaves on a stem arranged in two vertical columns on opposite sides of the stem in a single plane) as in T. canadensis. of Tsuga caroliniana

Bettina Darveaux

Mature cone

NC mountains

The Scientific Name is Tsuga caroliniana. You will likely hear them called Carolina Hemlock. This picture shows the Mature cone of Tsuga caroliniana

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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