plant-banner1

NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Tsuga canadensis

Eastern Hemlock, Canada Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock

Scientific Name:

Tsuga canadensis

Genus:

Tsuga

Species Epithet:

canadensis

Common Name:

Eastern Hemlock, Canada Hemlock, Canadian Hemlock

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

72-100 ft.

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

In a wide variety of habitats in the NC mountains, most typically and abundantly in moist sites in ravines or coves along streams, but likely to be found in all but the driest habitats between 300 and 1500 m (even occurring in peaty bogs, where it has a sickly yellow color and short life expectancy); in the western Piedmont of NC limited to progressively rarer microhabitats (primarily north-facing river bluffs), reaching its eastward limit in NC at a disjunct stand at Hemlock Bluff State Natural Area, Wake County.

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

W5: Watch List: Rare because of Severe Decline to Population or Habitat (*Key)

Notes:

Strongly declining everywhere in the state; most trees are now dead or dying from the adelgid insect.

Trees killed by the Hemlock Woolly Adelgid

Avery County NC

Lisa Lofland Gould

Flat, two-ranked needles, with new cones

National Arboretum, Washington D.C.

Lisa Lofland Gould

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



Permalink - (right click to save this page to your bookmarks)

<<< PREVIOUS

NEXT >>>

back to top
go to plant details search
go to plant images search
go to gallery home
back to Initial t Gallery
back to orchids
back to Carnivorous Plants
back to Trilliums