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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Tillandsia usneoides [=Dendropogon usneoides]

Spanish-moss, Long-moss

Scientific Name:

Tillandsia usneoides [=Dendropogon usneoides]

Genus:

Tillandsia

Species Epithet:

usneoides

Common Name:

Spanish-moss, Long-moss

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Bromeliaceae (Bromeliad Or Pineapple Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Branches of trees, especially in swamps, but elsewhere where air humidity is high enough, often even in dry forests. Common in the southern third to half of the Coastal Plain, rare to uncommon in the northern third of the Coastal Plain, barely extends into the Piedmont.

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

This is an epiphytic flowering vascular plant which grows on the limbs of trees. The inconspicuous yellowish-green flowers are intensely fragrant at night. The plant is used by birds to nest in or for nest-building material.

The stem and filiform leaves are light to medium gray, wiry and curled, in stringy masses hanging down from tree limbs

Chatham County, GA

The Scientific Name is Tillandsia usneoides [=Dendropogon usneoides]. You will likely hear them called Spanish-moss, Long-moss. This picture shows the The stem and filiform leaves are light to medium gray, wiry and curled, in stringy masses hanging down from tree limbs of Tillandsia usneoides [=Dendropogon usneoides]

Bettina Darveaux

Growing on a Live Oak tree (Quercus virginiana)

Chatham County, GA

The Scientific Name is Tillandsia usneoides [=Dendropogon usneoides]. You will likely hear them called Spanish-moss, Long-moss. This picture shows the Growing on a Live Oak tree (Quercus virginiana) of Tillandsia usneoides [=Dendropogon usneoides]

Bettina Darveaux

This flowering epiphytic plant can become real thick on tree limbs.

Chatham County, GA

The Scientific Name is Tillandsia usneoides [=Dendropogon usneoides]. You will likely hear them called Spanish-moss, Long-moss. This picture shows the This flowering epiphytic plant can become real thick on tree limbs. of Tillandsia usneoides [=Dendropogon usneoides]

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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