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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Sparganium americanum

American Bur-reed

Scientific Name:

Sparganium americanum

Genus:

Sparganium

Species Epithet:

americanum

Common Name:

American Bur-reed

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Typhaceae (Cattail Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Aquatic

Bloom Time:

May, June, July, August, September

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Streams, marshes, ponds, pools, spring branches, often submerged. Common in the Coastal Plain, and mountains. Common in the eastern Piedmont, but uncommon to infrequent in the central and western Piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Grows in the water with the majority of the plant above the surface

Macon County, NC

The Scientific Name is Sparganium americanum. You will likely hear them called American Bur-reed. This picture shows the Grows in the water with the majority of the plant above the surface of Sparganium americanum

Bettina Darveaux

Growing along the shores of the Little Tennessee River

Macon County, NC

The Scientific Name is Sparganium americanum. You will likely hear them called American Bur-reed. This picture shows the Growing along the shores of the Little Tennessee River of Sparganium americanum

Bettina Darveaux

The flowers grow out of the leaf axils in globose-shape heads with the male flower heads at the top and the pistillate heads lower on the stem.

Macon County, NC

The Scientific Name is Sparganium americanum. You will likely hear them called American Bur-reed. This picture shows the The flowers grow out of the leaf axils in globose-shape heads with the male flower heads at the top and the pistillate heads lower on the stem. of Sparganium americanum

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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