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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Smilax smallii

Jackson-vine, Jackson-briar, Lanceleaf Greenbriar

Scientific Name:

Smilax smallii

Genus:

Smilax

Species Epithet:

smallii

Common Name:

Jackson-vine, Jackson-briar, Lanceleaf Greenbriar

Plant Type

Woody Vine

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Smilacaceae (Greenbriar Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

3-6 ft., 6-12 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

June, July

Growing Area:

Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Bottomland forests. Rare in NC Piedmont, uncommon in the Sandhills, and uncommon to fairly common in parts of the NC Coastal Plain

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G_?: Uncertain (add status to NOTES section) (*Key)

Notes:

Dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants). Fruits range from reddish brown to black. Planted in the South for evergreen screening.
Global Rank G5?.

No Pictures Yet - Submit One!

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://nc.audubon.org/conservation/bird-friendly-communities/bird-friendly-native-plants

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/smilax-smallii/



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