NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Rudbeckia hirta

Black-eyed Susan, Black-eyed Coneflower

Scientific Name:

Rudbeckia hirta



Species Epithet:


Common Name:

Black-eyed Susan, Black-eyed Coneflower

Plant Type


Life Cycle

Annual (Herbs Only), Perennial, Biennial

Plant Family

Asteraceae (Aster Family)


NC Native

Invasive Status:



1-3 ft., 3-6 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Brown


Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Dry to mesic soils of fields, wooded openings and margins, powerline clearings, roadsides, meadows, and other disturbed places” [Vascular Plants of NC]. Common in NC mountains and western piedmont, fairly common elsewhere in the state except rare in northeastern coastal plain and sandhills.

Leaf Arrangement:


Leaf Retention:


Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:


Life Cycle:

Annual (Herbs Only), Perennial, Biennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)


Three varieties in NC: var. angustifolia [which some authorities suggest is not native in NC], var. hirta, and var. pulcherrima.
Many cultivars available.

Beautiful golden-yellow rays with a dark purple-brown cone-shaped disk

Swain County, NC

The Scientific Name is Rudbeckia hirta. You will likely hear them called Black-eyed Susan, Black-eyed Coneflower. This picture shows the Beautiful golden-yellow rays with a dark  purple-brown cone-shaped disk of Rudbeckia hirta

Bettina Darveaux


USDA PLANTS Database Record

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