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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Rhus glabra

Smooth Sumac

Scientific Name:

Rhus glabra

Genus:

Rhus

Species Epithet:

glabra

Common Name:

Smooth Sumac

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Anacardiaceae (Cashew Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

6-12 ft., 12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June, July

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Disturbed areas, clearings, roadsides, woodlands. Common in NC mountains and piedmont, rare in coastal plain. Present in parts of the Sandhills.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Colonial, so it is best grown in natural areas. Bright red fruit and fall foliage. Dioecious.

Emerging shoots in early Spring

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Stems are glabrous and not heavily tomentose (fuzzy) as in R. typhina

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Panicle of fruit (drupes) in July. The fruits are fuzzy in R. typhina

Macon County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Not much fruit left by August!

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://nc.audubon.org/conservation/bird-friendly-communities/bird-friendly-native-plants

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/rhus-glabra/



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