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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Quercus rubra

Northern Red Oak

Scientific Name:

Quercus rubra

Genus:

Quercus

Species Epithet:

rubra

Common Name:

Northern Red Oak

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Moist to fairly dry forests of slopes, coves, and ravines, below 1000 meters elevation. Common and widespread in the NC mountains and Piedmont, being more numerous in the mountains and foothills than in the eastern Piedmont, where it can be a bit local or just fairly common. Uncommon and local in the northern Coastal Plain, but very rare elsewhere. Essentially absent in the Sandhills.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Recently, the species has been split into several varieties. In NC, the form growing in the middle and higher elevations, and less tied to rich soils, is Q. rubra var. ambigua. The other form, of the lower elevations, is the nominate Q. rubra var. rubra.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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