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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Quercus phellos

Willow Oak

Scientific Name:

Quercus phellos

Genus:

Quercus

Species Epithet:

phellos

Common Name:

Willow Oak

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Red, Yellow, Brown

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Bottomland forests, especially on natural levees and second terraces, also in upland depression swamps developed on clay soils, weedy and successional on slopes and upland sites following disturbance. Common and widespread in most of the NC Coastal Plain and Piedmont; infrequent in part of the far eastern counties, though likely present in all of these counties. Absent to very rare in the Piedmont foothills and the southwestern mountains.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Often planted as a street tree.

Pyramidal shape when young, then becoming more rounded at maturity

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Young sapling in late November. Leaves are very narrowly elliptic with entire margins and a bristle tip.

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Slender willow-like leaves

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Close-up of leaves

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Bark on mature tree is dark gray with irregular rough ridges and furrows

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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