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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Prunus umbellata

Hog Plum, Flatwoods Plum, Black Sloe, Sloe Plum

Scientific Name:

Prunus umbellata

Genus:

Prunus

Species Epithet:

umbellata

Common Name:

Hog Plum, Flatwoods Plum, Black Sloe, Sloe Plum

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Upland, usually xeric, sandy or rocky forests and woodlands.  In NC, rare to very uncommon in the southern Piedmont and adjacent mountains, where it is more widespread than elsewhere. Rare to locally uncommon in the southern Coastal Plain. Can be fairly common to common where found, however, such as in the Uwharrie Mountains on monadnocks with high pH soil. This is an NC Watch List species.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled, S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G4 - Apparently Secure, G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

W7: Watch List: Poorly Known in NC (*Key)

Notes:

There does appear to be two distinct taxa (species?) lumped together under one name as P. umbellata – a Coastal Plain form of sandy soil and a Piedmont and mountain form of rocky soil with a higher pH.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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