NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Pinus virginiana

Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine, Jersey Pine

Scientific Name:

Pinus virginiana



Species Epithet:


Common Name:

Virginia Pine, Scrub Pine, Jersey Pine

Plant Type


Life Cycle


Plant Family

Pinaceae (Pine Family)


NC Native

Invasive Status:



36-72 ft.


Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:


Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Dry forests and woodlands, especially on slopes and ridges, also common in certain areas as a weedy successional tree on nearly any kind of site. Abundant in the central and upper NC Piedmont. Frequent to common in the southern and lower (elevation) mountains, more so in the far southwestern counties, but much less numerous in the northern half of the mountains. Fairly common in the east-central Piedmont, east to about Caswell and Randolph counties, but uncommon toward the Fall Line (locally abundant in west-central Richmond County). Rare to uncommon in the Sandhills. Rare in the Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Fascicled (Pines)

Leaf Retention:


Leaf Type:

Leaves needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:


Life Cycle:


Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Pollen cones in early April

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Emerging seed cone in early April

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Developing seed cone in late June. Notice the twisted needles.

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Mature cones. Short needles, 2 per fascicle.

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Mature tree. On older trees, the older bark sloughs off to show an orangish color to the inner bark.

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux


USDA PLANTS Database Record

Permalink - (right click to save this page to your bookmarks)


NEXT >>>

back to top
go to plant details search
go to plant images search
go to gallery home
back to Initial p Gallery
back to orchids
back to Carnivorous Plants
back to Trilliums