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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine, Northern White Pine, Weymouth Pine, and Soft Pine

Scientific Name:

Pinus strobus

Genus:

Pinus

Species Epithet:

strobus

Common Name:

Eastern White Pine, Northern White Pine, Weymouth Pine, and Soft Pine

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

72-100 ft.

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Moist to dry forests, bottomlands, dry, rocky ridges in humid gorges. In NC a notable relict and disjunct stand of P. strobus occurs on bluffs of the Deep River in the eastern Piedmont of Chatham County; Common to very common in the mountains and foothills; very rare and local as far into the Piedmont as Chatham and Lee counties.

Leaf Arrangement:

Fascicled (Pines)

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

W6: Watch List: Regionally Rare (*Key)

Notes:

Prefers cooler microclimates. Is weakened by heat stress and root rot when grown in full sun and clay soils.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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