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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. leucarpum [=Phoradendron serotinum]

American Mistletoe, Eastern Mistletoe, Oak Mistletoe, Hairy Mistletoe, Christmas Mistletoe

Scientific Name:

Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. leucarpum [=Phoradendron serotinum]

Genus:

Phoradendron

Species Epithet:

leucarpum

Common Name:

American Mistletoe, Eastern Mistletoe, Oak Mistletoe, Hairy Mistletoe, Christmas Mistletoe

Plant Type

Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Viscaceae – Christmas Mistletoe family

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Bloom Time:

October, November

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Parasitic on various species of trees, especially abundant in swamp forests. Generally common in the Coastal Plain; fairly common to locally common in the Piedmont; uncommon in the mountains, mainly at low elevations.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

This is a parasitic shrub, the leaves are thick and waxy, the white, waxy fruits seen in winter are covered with a sticky substance relished by birds

Growing on the trunk of Nyssa sylvatica

Merchants Millpond State Park, Gates County, NC

The Scientific Name is Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. leucarpum [=Phoradendron serotinum]. You will likely hear them called American Mistletoe, Eastern Mistletoe, Oak Mistletoe, Hairy Mistletoe, Christmas Mistletoe. This picture shows the Growing on the trunk of Nyssa sylvatica of Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. leucarpum [=Phoradendron serotinum]

Bettina Darveaux

Close-up of this parasitic evergreen shrub on a branch of Nyssa aquatic

Merchants Millpond State Park, Gates County, NC

The Scientific Name is Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. leucarpum [=Phoradendron serotinum]. You will likely hear them called American Mistletoe, Eastern Mistletoe, Oak Mistletoe, Hairy Mistletoe, Christmas Mistletoe. This picture shows the Close-up of this parasitic evergreen shrub on a branch of Nyssa aquatic of Phoradendron leucarpum ssp. leucarpum [=Phoradendron serotinum]

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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