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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Phlox maculata

Wild Sweet William, Speckled Phlox, Meadow Phlox

Scientific Name:

Phlox maculata

Genus:

Phlox

Species Epithet:

maculata

Common Name:

Wild Sweet William, Speckled Phlox, Meadow Phlox

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Polemoniaceae (Jacob's-Ladder Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

1-3 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Pink

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

June, July, August, September

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Moist forests and openings. Fairly common, at least locally, in the NC mountains; rare in the northern and central Piedmont, and might be absent from the southern third. Extremely rare in the Coastal Plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Most references attribute sub-taxa to this species, and Weakely (2018) lists two subspecies. The nominate one -- var. maculata -- is primarily limited to the mountains, whereas the other -- var. pyramidalis -- is more widespread across the state.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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