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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Mitchella repens

Partridge-berry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum

Scientific Name:

Mitchella repens

Genus:

Mitchella

Species Epithet:

repens

Common Name:

Partridge-berry, Twinberry, Running Box, Pigeon Plum

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

“Deciduous and coniferous forests, stream-banks, heath balds, maritime forests, on rotten logs;...Plants in maritime forests are more robust than others and often have an ascending habit, the stems sometimes 20-30 cm tall.” (Weakley 2015). Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Evergreen

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

"All parts are dainty, including its pairs of small, rounded, evergreen leaves; tiny, trumpet-shaped, pinkish-white flowers; and scarlet berries...A most attractive woodland creeper with highly ornamental foliage, it can be used as a groundcover under acid-loving shrubs and in terraria in the winter." Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center

The twin flowers, actually the ovaries, will fuse to make a single fruit or berry.

image

Ev-Henwood, Brunswick County, May 2010

Single berry from fused ovaries.

image

The Green Swamp, Brunswick County, Nov. 2010

Plant with creeping stems and dark green, leathery, evergreen opposite leaves

Macon County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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