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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Menispermum canadense

Moonseed, Common Moonseed, Yellow Parilla, Canada Moonseed

Scientific Name:

Menispermum canadense

Genus:

Menispermum

Species Epithet:

canadense

Common Name:

Moonseed, Common Moonseed, Yellow Parilla, Canada Moonseed

Plant Type

Herbaceous_Vine

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Menispermaceae (Moonseed Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

6-12 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June, July, August

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Moist nutrient-rich forests, especially on floodplains or lower slopes, less commonly in dry calcium-rich forests and woodlands. Fairly common to common across most of the mountains and Piedmont, being generally common in the southern mountains and the central and eastern Piedmont. Locally fairly common in the Coastal Plain along several brownwater rivers—the Roanoke and Cape Fear—but rare to uncommon in most areas in that province, including the Sandhills region.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Not Assigned

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure, S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Dioecious: need a male pollinator to get female fruit set. Twining stems. Spreads by rhizomes. Fruit is highly toxic to people.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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