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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]

Pipevine, Dutchman's-pipe

Scientific Name:

Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]

Genus:

Isotrema

Species Epithet:

macrophyllum

Common Name:

Pipevine, Dutchman's-pipe

Plant Type

Woody Vine

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Aristolochiaceae (Birthwort Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft., 36-72 ft., 72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Red, Green, Brown

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day, Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Cove forests and other mesic mountain forests. Fairly common to locally common in the NC mountains.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Host plant for the Pipe-vine Swallowtail Butterfly larvae.

Vine with large heart-shaped (cordate) leaves and developing fruit (capsule)

Jackson County, NC

The Scientific Name is Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]. You will likely hear them called Pipevine, Dutchman's-pipe. This picture shows the Vine with large heart-shaped (cordate) leaves and developing fruit (capsule) of Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]

Bettina Darveaux

New growth emerging from the buds in mid-April

Macon County, NC

The Scientific Name is Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]. You will likely hear them called Pipevine, Dutchman's-pipe. This picture shows the New growth emerging from the buds in mid-April of Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]

Bettina Darveaux

Newly emerged cordate leaves in the spring

Macon County, NC

The Scientific Name is Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]. You will likely hear them called Pipevine, Dutchman's-pipe. This picture shows the Newly emerged cordate leaves in the spring of Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]

Bettina Darveaux

Pipe-shaped flowers on long stalks

Macon County, NC

The Scientific Name is Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]. You will likely hear them called Pipevine, Dutchman's-pipe. This picture shows the Pipe-shaped flowers on long stalks of Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]

Bettina Darveaux

Brown detailed markings on the distinctive flowers

Macon County, NC

The Scientific Name is Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]. You will likely hear them called Pipevine, Dutchman's-pipe. This picture shows the Brown detailed markings on the distinctive flowers of Isotrema macrophyllum [=Aristolochia macrophylla, Aristolochia durior]

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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