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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Green Ash, Red Ash

Scientific Name:

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Genus:

Fraxinus

Species Epithet:

pennsylvanica

Common Name:

Green Ash, Red Ash

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

36-72 ft., 72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Green, Purple

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Bottomlands and swamps, especially along brownwater rivers and streams, rarely on mesic upland disturbed sites (Weakley 2015). Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

Dioecious: separate male and female plants.

Leaf

Green Ash is common in bottomlands and swamps.

image

Jack Spruill, Hampstead

Flowers

image

Jack Spruill. Hampstead, 4/15/11

Seeds

image

Jack Spruill, Hampstead, 5/26/11

Wing of fruit (a samara) extends nearly to the base

Forsyth Co., NC

The Scientific Name is Fraxinus pennsylvanica. You will likely hear them called Green Ash, Red Ash. This picture shows the Wing of fruit (a samara) extends nearly to the base of Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Lisa Lofland Gould

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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