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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Washington Hawthorn, Washington Thorn

Scientific Name:

Crataegus phaenopyrum

Genus:

Crataegus

Species Epithet:

phaenopyrum

Common Name:

Washington Hawthorn, Washington Thorn

Plant Type

Tree/Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Upland forests, floodplain forests, pastures, thickets, disturbed areas, sometimes locally abundant. Native range presumed to be PA south to SC, west to sw. MO; also c. and s. AL south to n. FL; naturalized populations likely originating from widespread cultivation may be involved in parts of this range, with additional expansions evident. Uncommon throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G_?: Uncertain (add status to NOTES section) (*Key)

Notes:

Usually has a single trunk. Red fall fruit and good fall color. Long thorns. Cultivars available.
Global Rank G4?.

In bloom

Forsyth County NC (yard)

Lisa Lofland Gould

Fall fruit

Forsyth County NC (yard)

Lisa Lofland Gould

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/crataegus-phaenopyrum/

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/crataegus/phaenopyrum/



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