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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Corylus cornuta var. cornuta [= Corylus cornuta]

Beaked Hazelnut, Beaked Filbert

Scientific Name:

Corylus cornuta var. cornuta [= Corylus cornuta]

Genus:

Corylus

Species Epithet:

cornuta var. cornuta

Common Name:

Beaked Hazelnut, Beaked Filbert

Plant Type

Shrub

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

3-6 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Red, Brown

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

Feb, March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Dry rocky woodlands, thickets, high elevation forests and openings, seepage swamps. Common in NC mountains and piedmont, rare to absent in coastal plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Forms thickets and has an edible fruit (but good luck beating the squirrels to them!). Female flowers tiny and deep red; male flowers are tan-brown catkins.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/corylus-cornuta/

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/corylus/cornuta/



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