NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Flowering Dogwood

Scientific Name:

Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]



Species Epithet:


Common Name:

Flowering Dogwood

Plant Type


Life Cycle


Plant Family

Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)


NC Native

Invasive Status:



12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Pink, Yellow


Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Dry to moist forests and woodlands. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:


Leaf Retention:


Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:


Life Cycle:


Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)


Per Larry Mellichamp, "the overall most beloved and widely planted deciduous tree in the Southeast....year-round appeal via flowers, foliage, form, fruit and bark."
The red fruits are high in fat and relished by birds.

Flowering Dogwoods explode with showy white blossoms in mid-spring. True flowers are tiny and surrounded by 4 showy, bright white leafy bracts.

Will Stuart

Cornus florida is often multi-stemmed with distinctively layered branches.

Will Stuart

Pink flowering cultivars are available and handsome.

Will Stuart

A pair of Flowering Dogwoods in the Suzie Harwood Garden, UNC Charlotte Botanical Gardens.

Will Stuart

Many species of native birds are attracted to dogwood fruits in autumn.

Will Stuart

Emerging inflorescence in early April with subtending bracts just opening (still green but will later turn white) and flowers still in bud.

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Close-up of flower bud in the Fall

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux

Brilliant scarlet Fall color

Orange County, NC

Bettina Darveaux


USDA PLANTS Database Record

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