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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Flowering Dogwood

Scientific Name:

Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Genus:

Cornus

Species Epithet:

florida

Common Name:

Flowering Dogwood

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Pink, Yellow

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Dry to moist forests and woodlands. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Highest Wildlife Value

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S4: Apparently secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Per Larry Mellichamp, "the overall most beloved and widely planted deciduous tree in the Southeast....year-round appeal via flowers, foliage, form, fruit and bark."
The red fruits are high in fat and relished by birds.

Flowering Dogwoods explode with showy white blossoms in mid-spring. True flowers are tiny and surrounded by 4 showy, bright white leafy bracts.

The Scientific Name is Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]. You will likely hear them called Flowering Dogwood. This picture shows the Flowering Dogwoods explode with showy white blossoms in mid-spring.  True flowers are tiny and surrounded by 4 showy, bright white leafy bracts.  of Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Will Stuart

Cornus florida is often multi-stemmed with distinctively layered branches.

The Scientific Name is Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]. You will likely hear them called Flowering Dogwood. This picture shows the Cornus florida is often multi-stemmed with distinctively layered branches. of Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Will Stuart

Pink flowering cultivars are available and handsome.

The Scientific Name is Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]. You will likely hear them called Flowering Dogwood. This picture shows the Pink flowering cultivars are available and handsome. of Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Will Stuart

A pair of Flowering Dogwoods in the Suzie Harwood Garden, UNC Charlotte Botanical Gardens.

The Scientific Name is Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]. You will likely hear them called Flowering Dogwood. This picture shows the A pair of Flowering Dogwoods in the Suzie Harwood Garden, UNC Charlotte Botanical Gardens. of Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Will Stuart

Many species of native birds are attracted to dogwood fruits in autumn.

The Scientific Name is Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]. You will likely hear them called Flowering Dogwood. This picture shows the Many species of native birds are attracted to dogwood fruits in autumn. of Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Will Stuart

Emerging inflorescence in early April with subtending bracts just opening (still green but will later turn white) and flowers still in bud.

Orange County, NC

The Scientific Name is Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]. You will likely hear them called Flowering Dogwood. This picture shows the Emerging inflorescence in early April with subtending bracts just opening (still green but will later turn white) and flowers still in bud. of Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Bettina Darveaux

Close-up of flower bud in the Fall

Orange County, NC

The Scientific Name is Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]. You will likely hear them called Flowering Dogwood. This picture shows the Close-up of flower bud in the Fall of Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Bettina Darveaux

Brilliant scarlet Fall color

Orange County, NC

The Scientific Name is Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]. You will likely hear them called Flowering Dogwood. This picture shows the Brilliant scarlet Fall color of Cornus florida [= Benthamidia florida]

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/cornus-florida/

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/benthamidia/florida/



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