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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Cladrastis kentukea [= Cladrastis lutea]

Yellow-wood, Yellowwood, American Yellowwood

Scientific Name:

Cladrastis kentukea [= Cladrastis lutea]

Genus:

Cladrastis

Species Epithet:

kentukea

Common Name:

Yellow-wood, Yellowwood, American Yellowwood

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Fabaceae (Legume Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Mountain forests, Piedmont bluffs, especially on calcareous or mafic rocks (introduced only in the Piedmont of NC). Rare in NC mountains. “Increasingly planted as an ornamental, and likely to start escaping more widely, as reported for Fairfax County, VA” (Weakley 2015).

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Compound

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S2: Imperiled, S3: Vulnerable (*Key)

Global Rank:

G4 - Apparently Secure (*Key)

State Status:

W1: Watch List: Rare but Relatively Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Good yellow fall foliage. Flowers fragrant. Cultivars available.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/cladrastis/kentukea/

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/cladrastis-kentukea/



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