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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Celtis laevigata

Southern Hackberry, Sugarberry

Scientific Name:

Celtis laevigata

Genus:

Celtis

Species Epithet:

laevigata

Common Name:

Southern Hackberry, Sugarberry

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Cannabaceae (Hops Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft., 72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Bottomland forests, especially on natural levees, upland calcareous forests and woodlands, shell middens. Uncommon in NC mountains, common in piedmont and coastal plain.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Not Recommended for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Sometimes placed in the Elm family (Ulmaceae).

Green (not ripe) fruit

Forsyth Co., NC

The Scientific Name is Celtis laevigata. You will likely hear them called Southern Hackberry, Sugarberry. This picture shows the Green (not ripe) fruit of Celtis laevigata

Lisa Lofland Gould

Corky, irregularly patterned bark

Davie Co., NC

The Scientific Name is Celtis laevigata. You will likely hear them called Southern Hackberry, Sugarberry. This picture shows the Corky, irregularly patterned bark of Celtis laevigata

Lisa Lofland Gould

Close-up of bark ridges.

Mecklenburg_Co., NC

The Scientific Name is Celtis laevigata. You will likely hear them called Southern Hackberry, Sugarberry. This picture shows the Close-up of bark ridges. of Celtis laevigata

Larry Mellichamp

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://nc.audubon.org/700

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/celtis-laevigata/



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