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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Celastrus scandens

American Bittersweet

Scientific Name:

Celastrus scandens

Genus:

Celastrus

Species Epithet:

scandens

Common Name:

American Bittersweet

Plant Type

Woody Vine

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Celastraceae (Bittersweet Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Mesic forests.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S?: Uncertain (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

State Status:

E: Endangered (*Key)

Notes:

Vascular Plants of NC: "Appears to be in decline, likely being impacted by competition with, or hybridization with, the noxious invasive C. orbiculatus. This is a State Endangered species. (Do not be fooled into thinking that this is not a scarce plant in the state, as it has been recorded from about 25 counties; many of these are old records, and most of them contain only a very small population or two.)"
NC Rank: S2?

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/celastrus/scandens/

https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/celastrus-scandens/



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