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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Cardamine concatenata [= Dentaria laciniata]

Cutleaf Toothwort

Scientific Name:

Cardamine concatenata [= Dentaria laciniata]

Genus:

Cardamine

Species Epithet:

concatenata

Common Name:

Cutleaf Toothwort

Plant Type

Herb/Wildflower

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Brassicaceae Or Cruciferae (Mustard Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Size:

0-1 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

White

Light:

Less than 2 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist

Bloom Time:

March, April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Rich, mesic forests.

Leaf Arrangement:

Whorled

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Has some wildlife value

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

Notes:

It’s a food plant for the caterpillars of the West Virginia White and Mustard White butterflies. Populations of both of these butterfly species have declined in recent years as a result at least in part of both habitat loss and the influx of Garlic Mustard (Allaria petiolata), a species native to Europe that is invasive in North America because it lacks predators here. The caterpillars of the West Virginia White butterflies in particular are able to digest only a few species of the mustard family, those with which the butterflies evolved. Garlic Mustard’s chemical composition is similar enough to Cut-leaved Toothwort’s to lure female butterflies to lay their eggs on it, but the resulting caterpillars can’t survive on a diet of Garlic Mustard. They need Cut-leaved Toothwort. https://the-natural-web.org/2015/04/26/cut-leaved-toothwort/

Habitat

Ashe County, Apr '09

image

Sharon Eller

Plants with Blooms

image

Tom Harville

Leaves

image

Tom Harville

Blooms

image

Tom Harville

Blooms April 2004

image

Jean Woods

Siliques beginning to form

Jackson County, NC

The Scientific Name is Cardamine concatenata [= Dentaria laciniata]. You will likely hear them called Cutleaf Toothwort. This picture shows the Siliques beginning to form of Cardamine concatenata [= Dentaria laciniata]

Bettina Darveaux

Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record



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