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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Betula nigra

River Birch, Red Birch

Scientific Name:

Betula nigra

Genus:

Betula

Species Epithet:

nigra

Common Name:

River Birch, Red Birch

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

12-36 ft., 36-72 ft.

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

March, April

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont, Sandhills, Coastal Plain

Habitat Description:

Riverbanks, streambanks, floodplains, sandbars, disturbed uplands. Common throughout NC.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Highly Recommended and Available

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Beautiful exfoliating bark. A fast-growing shade tree with cultivars available (some are drought-tolerant).

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Vascular Plants of NC: https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/species_account.php

NC Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/betula-nigra/

https://nc.audubon.org/700



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