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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Betula alleghaniensis [= Betula lutea]

Yellow Birch

Scientific Name:

Betula alleghaniensis [= Betula lutea]

Genus:

Betula

Species Epithet:

alleghaniensis

Common Name:

Yellow Birch

Plant Type

Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft., 72-100 ft.

Light:

Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Moist, Wet

Bloom Time:

April, May

Growing Area:

Mountains

Habitat Description:

Forests at medium to high elevations, rarely at low elevations. Common in the NC mountains.

Leaf Arrangement:

Alternate

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Silvery, glossy bark peels in horizontal curls. In NC, is nearing the southern limits of its range. Does not tolerate drought or soil compaction.

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

Vascular Plants of NC: https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php

NC Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/betula-alleghaniensis/

https://nc.audubon.org/700



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