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NC Native Plant Society:
Plant Details

Acer saccharum

Northern Sugar Maple, Hard Maple, Sugar Tree

Scientific Name:

Acer saccharum

Genus:

Acer

Species Epithet:

saccharum

Common Name:

Northern Sugar Maple, Hard Maple, Sugar Tree

Life Cycle

Perennial

Plant Family

Sapindaceae (Soapberry Family)

Native/Alien:

NC Native

Invasive Status:

(*Key)

Size:

36-72 ft., 72-100 ft.

Bloom Color(s):

Yellow, Green

Light:

Sun - 6 or more hours of sun per day, Part Shade - 2 to 6 hours of sun per day

Soil Moisture:

Dry, Moist

Bloom Time:

April, May, June

Growing Area:

Mountains, Piedmont

Habitat Description:

Cove forests, other rich forests, especially over mafic and calcareous rocks, on calcareous soils common and typical in dry-mesic forests and dry woodlands as well, less typically extending to high elevation northern hardwood forests where sometimes in acidic situations (as in Highlands County, VA), in parts of the Piedmont perhaps more common as an introduction by ornamental planting than as a native, at least south of VA. Rare in NC mountains and piedmont.

Leaf Arrangement:

Opposite

Leaf Retention:

Deciduous

Leaf Type:

Leaves veined, not needle-like or scale-like

Leaf Form:

Simple

Life Cycle:

Perennial

Wildlife Value:

Important for Wildlife

Landscape Value:

Suitable for home landscapes

State Rank:

S5: Secure (*Key)

Global Rank:

G5 - Secure (*Key)

Notes:

Less heat-tolerant than Southern Sugar Maple (Acer floridanum).

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Links:

USDA PLANTS Database Record

NC Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox: https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/acer-saccharum/

Go Botany: https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/acer/saccharum/

Vascular Flora of NC: https://auth1.dpr.ncparks.gov/flora/plant_list.php [type Acer saccharum in the Scientific Name box, then click on the Search button]

700 Bird-friendly Plants for NC: https://nc.audubon.org/700



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